December 2, 2020

Hindu mythology: Revenue versus revenue for all: ​​Heroism shouldn’t be linked to following or breaking the principles



-Devdutt Pattanaik

In Hindu mythology Ravana is taken into account a profitable king. He guidelines over the golden metropolis of Lanka. Nevertheless, Ram is taken into account a spiritually profitable king. His reign over the dominion of Ayodhya is admired because the mannequin to realize. In Lanka, there’s revenue,
laabh.

In Ayodhya, there’s revenue for all,
shubh-laabh. Ram is visualised because the one who follows all the principles. He’s referred to as “maryada purushottam” Ram. Ravana, his antagonist, is the one who breaks all the principles. He desires the entire world to perform, as per his needs.

Thus, the Ramayana is a story of a battle between a rule breaker and a rule follower. Allow us to distinction this with the battle discovered within the different nice Hindu epic, the Mahabharata.

Right here, Krishna is the good friend and information of the Pandavas. They’re combating Duryodhana, the eldest of the Kauravas, their cousins. Krishna is famend for breaking guidelines. He’s “leela purushottam” – the one identified for not taking part in by the principles of the sport.

He allows the Pandavas to overpower Duryodhana, killing Bhishma, Drona and Karna who help Duryodhana. Duryodhana, in the whole epic, by no means breaks a single rule. He abuses Draupadi publicly; however solely after she has been gambled away by her husbands. He doesn’t return the Pandavas’ kingdom to them as he argues they haven’t adopted the principles of the contract.

Thus, within the Mahabharata, battle arises between a rulebreaking hero, Krishna, and a rule-making antagonist, Duryodhana. Thus, between Ramayana and Mahabharata, we discover a complicated dialogue on following and breaking guidelines.

Heroism shouldn’t be linked to following or breaking the principles, as within the Bible or the Quran. Between Ram and Krishna, Krishna shouldn’t be thought of a profitable king as on the finish of his reign, his kingdom, Dwarka, is destroyed, as a result of unlucky consequence of his manipulations.

Ram’s kingdom thrives, regardless that he suffers nice private tragedy. He is a good king, not a fantastic husband. Yudhishtira shouldn’t be the mannequin king both. As a result of he carries ahead his hatred of Kauravas, even after dying whereas Ram has no qualms venerating Ravana, for his good qualities – as an astrologer, musician, poet.

In our lives, we encounter many people who find themselves profitable, regardless of breaking the principles. It, in fact, doesn’t imply all profitable folks break the principles. Likewise, we meet many people who find themselves profitable as a result of they comply with the principles.

However once more, that doesn’t imply that every one individuals who comply with the principles are profitable. Many-a-time, we meet individuals who break all the principles, however demand full loyalty like Ravana, and who’re in a position to make themselves seem as victims.

We’re surrounded by individuals who reside by their very own guidelines. But they insist that we should obey and comply with them, giving them our 100% allegiance. On the identical time, we meet many Duryodhanas who’re so intelligent that the courtroom by no means finds them responsible of breaking any regulation.

India is ruled by many Ravanas and Duryodhanas. India’s wealthy don’t see Ram and Krishna as their fashions, regardless that they organise large events on Ram Navami and Krishna Janmashtami. Our elite overtly defy the regulation and manipulate it as properly.

We’re a rustic the place we don’t discover Ram and Krishna. To search out them, we should first discover out what distinguishes Ram and Krishna from Ravana and Duryodhana. Following guidelines mindlessly doesn’t make an individual Ram as Bollywood tries to painting.

Breaking guidelines with a mischievous smile makes nobody Krishna both. Ram and Krishna see kingship as a duty whereas Ram and Ravana see their kingdoms as their property. Ram and Krishna are kings to make folks’s lives higher; Ravana and Duryodhana are kings to make their lives higher. In different phrases, Ravana and Duryodhana chase revenue (
laabh) whereas Ram and Krishna chase profit-for-all (
shubh-laabh).