There are 4 mutations of the COVID-19 virus in India at current — two UK variants and one South African and Brazilian variant every, Minister of State for Well being Ashwini Choubey mentioned.
Offering particulars of the efficacy price of Covaxin and Covishield vaccines towards every of the mutations, he mentioned there was no vital distinction famous within the efficacy of Bharat Biotech‘s Covaxin towards the UK and the Brazil strains.
Nonetheless, evaluation of Covaxin’s efficacy towards South African pressure is ongoing, he mentioned.
As for the Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine Covishield, it has proven 74.6 per cent efficacy towards the UK pressure and has been proven to be efficient towards the Brazil pressure.
Nonetheless, its efficacy towards the South Africa pressure is simply 10 per cent, the minister said.
Steady monitoring of evolution of mutations is being accomplished by the Indian SARS- CoV-2 Genomics Surveillance Consortium (INSACOG), he mentioned.
Moreover, Nationwide Institute of Virology (NIV) is constantly engaged in virus isolation of various SARS-CoV-2 strains for additional analysis.
Strains from South Africa and Brazil have been detected in travellers coming to India from these nations. With a purpose to curtail unfold of those variants in India the federal government issued revised pointers for worldwide arrivals on February 17.
As per the rules, screening of passengers coming from South Africa, Brazil and the UAE has been made very stringent to forestall unfold of an infection because of variants, Choubey mentioned.
On whether or not the federal government proposes to result in adjustments within the current vaccines out there within the nation to examine the additional unfold of those two mutant strains, he mentioned Oxford-AstraZeneca have initiated tweaking of the vaccine to make it efficacious towards the mutant strains notably the South African variant.
“The necessity to change composition of Covaxin has not been felt but in view of excellent efficacy of the vaccine towards variants,” he mentioned within the written reply.